星期 3 Wednesday 预测试题三 预测试题
In this section you will hear a mini-lecture. You will hear the lecture ONCE ONLY. While listening, take notes on the important points. Your notes will not be marked, but you will need them to complete a gap-filling task after the mini-lecture. When the lecture is over, you will be given two minutes to check your notes, and another ten minutes to complete the gap-filling task on ANSWER SHEET ONE. Some of the gaps may require a maximum of THREE words. Make sure the word(s) you fill in is(are) both grammatically and semantically acceptable. You may refer to your notes while completing the task. Use the blank sheet for note-taking. Why Use Drama Texts in the Language Classroom? I. Value and use of drama A. The teacher being able to realize “reality” through drama —overcoming the students’ (1) to learning —creating the need to learn the language B. (2) culture and language —revealing insights into the target culture —providing language contexts C. Comparison with traditional literature —using more (3) language than in poems and novels —emphasizing the need for enough texts for (4) reading II. How to develop the (5) of the drama texts A. “a” type analytical approach B. “b” type (6) approach C. Teachers basing activities on (7) III. Classroom practices linked to standard approaches in drama A. Warm-up activities —getting the learner to (8) B. The stage of text reading and listening —while listening or reading task —the task (9) into the text C. Extended activities —comprehending questions —multiple-choice question —text attack questions —interpretation and (10) questions
(2)______ (3) ______
(4) ______ (5) ______
(6)______ (7) ______ (8) ______ (9) ______ (10) ______
In this section you will hear everything ONCE ONLY. Listen carefully and then answer the questions that follow. Mark the correct answer to each question on ANSWER SHEET TWO.
Questions 1 to 5 are based on an interview. At the end of the interview you will be given 10 seconds to answer each of the following five questions. Now listen to the interview. 1. Which of the following is NOT a “customer” of National Weather Centre? [A] Retail sector. [B] Stock market. [C] Health agency. [D] Transportation company. 2. Why does the Centre want to relocate? [A] The running costs are too high in the first site. [B] The space of the first site is limited. [C] There are too many government restrictions in the first site. [D] The Centre needs more room for development. 3. The new site of the Centre is in [A] London. [B] Oxford. [C] Ipswich. [D] Plymouth. 4. The staff moved to the new base are most pleased with the ______ there. [A] beautiful environment [B] general relocation package [C] low consumption [D] city facilities 5. The Centre gets all the following helps in the new site EXCEPT [A] land leasing. [B] loose taxation. [C] technical advice. [D] specific work environment.
In this section you will hear everything ONCE ONLY. Listen carefully and then answer the questions that follow. Mark the correct answer to each question on ANSWER SHEET TWO. Question 6 and 7 are based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 20 seconds to answer the questions. Now listen to the news. 6. The news is mainly talking about [A] Mount Everest. [B] a clean-up expedition. [C] the conquest of "death zone". [D] a mountain climbing. 7. Which of the following is INCORRECT？ [A] The Sherpa mountaineers team includes 20 members. [B] All of the team members have mountain climbing experience.
[C] They will set off on May 1. [D] The "death zone" is called because of low level of oxygen and treacherous conditions. Question 8 and 9 are based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 20 seconds to answer the questions. Now listen to the news. 8. Which of the following is INCORRECT about Fidesz? [A] It got a victory in Hungary's parliamentary elections. [B] It has held office for eight years. [C] It is expected to win between 54 and 57% of the vote. [D] It may become the first party to govern without a coalition since 1990. 9. Which of the following party mentioned get the least vote based on the exit polls? [A] Fidesz. [B] The Christian Democratic Party. [C] Socialists. [D] Jobbik. Question 10 is based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 10 seconds to answer the question. Now listen to the news. 10. The nationalist politician Dervis Eroglu is in favor of [A] the reunion of the Republic of Cyprus. [B] the principles adopted by the United Nations. [C] the proposal of the majority of Greek Cypriots. [D] separate Greek and Turkish Cypriot states.
【听力原文】 【答案解析】 1. resistance 【解析】本讲座的题目是为什 么要在语言课堂上使用戏剧文 本，内容主要包括三部分：戏 剧的价值和用途、如何利用戏 剧文本、以及使用戏剧标准方 法的课堂活动。本题所在处涉 及戏剧的第一条价值和用途， 即通过 overcome the students' resistance to learning the new language(克服学生对学习新语 言的抗拒心理)以及 create in students a need to learn the language(使学生产生一种学习 的需要)来帮助老师实现“现 实”。因此答案为 resistance。
Good morning, everyone. I have emphasized the drama texts’ role in language classroom for several times. This time I’ll try to define what I mean by language learning through drama texts, outline some of the benefits it can bring to the language learning classroom and some of the different methods and approaches that can be utilized to fully exploit the potential of drama and theatre texts. Writers such as Maley and Duff and Wessels have pointed to the values and uses of drama: “Drama can help the teacher to achieve 'reality' in several ways. It can overcome the students' resistance to learning the new language by making the learning of the new language an enjoyable experience, by setting realistic targets for the students to aim for, by creative 'slowing down' of real experience and by linking the
language-learning experience with the student's own experience of life. Drama can create in students a need to learn the language by the use of 'creative tension' and by putting more responsibility on the learner, as opposed to the teacher.” Drama provides cultural and language enrichment by revealing insights into the target culture and presenting language contexts that make items memorable by placing them in a realistic social and physical context. By allowing reading and the adding of some characterization to a drama text, learners became personally and fully involved in the learning process, in a context in which it is possible for learners to feel less self-conscious and more empowered to express themselves through the multiple voices of the differing characters. One of the drawbacks in the use of literary texts such as novels and poems is that many of them contain language forms that learners of a language find difficult to understand. This could be overcome by simplifying them, often leading to a loss of 'literariness'—leading to criticism that the texts became pale imitations of the original writing. The lack of suitable texts in the traditional body of literature, in my view opens the door for the inclusion of drama in language learning curricula as it tends to use much more naturalistic language than in poems and novels. Drama texts help to address the need for sufficient texts for worthwhile reading in which suitable materials can be accessed. Another problem, then, arises. How should we exploit drama texts? Next, I would like to share approaches with you. First, I call it the "a" type analytical approach. As I have suggested, the analysis of language in a text is just one aspect of its use. In the type "a" approach, language is separated into its phonological, lexical components, etc. and disseminating strategies then adopted. Using this analytical approach, a teacher or course designer would think of a series of structures, language items that were to be 'taught'. A literary text exemplifying these structures was then selected and used in order to practice or raise the learner's consciousness of it. Second, it is the "b" type experiential approach. Here, language was not seen as object but as a tool. Much more emphasis was placed upon, for example, the inductive method of learning through 'experiencing' and applying the learner's experience to the text through encouraging comment, responses and expression based on the text or its theme. The topic-based syllabus is often seen as more relevant to language
2. Enriching 【解析】本题所在处涉及戏剧 的第二条价值和用途：provides cultural and language enrichment by revealing insights into the target culture and presenting language contexts…by placing them in a realistic social and physical context，即通过展现对目标语 言的洞察力以及通过现实的社 会和物质环境展示语言环境而 丰富了文化和语言。注意本题 应填 enrichment 的现在分词形 式，并注意首字母大写。 3. naturalistic 【解析】本题所在处涉及戏剧 的第三条价值和用途，即相对 于传统文学的优势。第一条优 势 就 是 use much more naturalistic language(使用了更 多的自然语言)，因此答案为 naturalistic。 4. worthwhile 【解析】本题所在处涉及戏剧 相对于传统文学的第二条优 势，即 help to address the need for sufficient texts for worthwhile reading(戏剧中有足 够的文本内容值得阅读)。因此 答案为 worthwhile。 5. exploitation 【解析】本题所在处涉及讲座 的 第 二 部 分 内 容 ， 即 How should we exploit drama texts(如何利用戏剧文本)。 注意 exploit 同 义 替 换 为 题 干 中 的 develop the exploitation。 6. experiential 【解析】讲座的第二部分提到 三种利用戏剧文本的方法，本 题所在处针对第二种，即经验 式方式(experiential research)。 7. learners’ tasks
learning. From a task point of view the learner is faced with several levels of achievement or ability that the teacher can use as a basis for designing multi-level activities for students, such as identifying the story, characters, plot; identifying the author's and characters' viewpoint, attitude or opinion; understanding the work in relation to its socio-cultural and historical-political context; giving a personal and creative response and answering the question: "does it work as literature?" Finally, I would like to talk about the stages of a type "b" approach to introducing a drama text to a class of EFL learners. The process involves linking standard approaches in drama to approaches suitable for the classroom. Classroom practice, then, may follow three stages. The first stage is the warm-u. Standard methods in the type "b" approach involve warmer activities to get the learner to anticipate what they're going to meet in the language in the text using guessing, pre-discussion, or pictures. It involves little or no stylistic analysis. Its aims are to stimulate oral communication, reading for pleasure and to enrich thinking and expression for this reason, drama techniques focusing on waking the imagination, and the body including the vocal chords in preparation for reading or even enacting the text could easily precede this stage. Use of text can be one of the more in-depth and sophisticated drama activities. Warmers, drama games, role-plays, individual and group improvisation can all be used to support higher-level drama activities such as performing the text in the classroom. The idea is that the pre-reading/listening stage will sensitize the learner to the language and concepts to be encountered and engage prior knowledge and experience. Pictures, the book cover, prompt questions, learners' own memorabilia, etc. are used. The second stage is text reading and listening. The stage may involve two task types: one is the while listening or reading task involves the learner having a task to fulfill based on his or her reading, such as finding out a piece of information from the text; the other is the tasks inserted into the text such as one where learners complete the task using their own ideas. The third stage is extension activities format. This stage
【解析】本题所在处针对第三 种利用戏剧文本的方法：From a task point of view the learner is faced with several levels of achievement or ability that the teacher can use as a basis for designing multi-level activities for students，即从任务角度看， 教师可以根据学生面临的要达 到的目标和能力来设置不同层 次的活动。题干将这一内容简 化为：老师可以根据学生的任 务设置活动。因此答案为 learners’ tasks。 8. anticipate 【解析】讲座的第三部分内容， 即使用戏剧标准方法的课堂活 动中，第一步就是准备活动， 其目的就是 get the learner to anticipate what they're going to meet in the language in the text， 即帮助学习者预测他们在文章 语言中将会遇到什么问题。因 此本题答案为 anticipate。 9. inserted 【解析】课堂活动中的第二步 由两个任务构成： 一是 having a task to fulfill based on his or her reading(根 据 阅 读 内 容 完 成 任 务)；二是 the tasks inserted into the text(安插在文本中的任务)。 本题所在处涉及第二个任务， 答案为 inserted。 10. response 【解析】课堂活动中的第三步， 即扩展活动，包含阅读理解式 问 题 (comprehending questions )、多项选择式问题 ( multiple-choice question )、文 本 攻 击 式 问 题 (text attack questions)、以及解释回应式问 题 (interpretation and response questions)。本题所在处针对最
could incorporate comprehension questions such as: Who? When? What? etc.; multiple-choice questions are useful for evoking possible alternative answers; text attack questions require the learner to realize certain meanings in the text and the way they are achieved in the language use; interpretation and response questions such as what's the message from the author, what general meanings can we infer from the antagonists' statements, or what conclusions can we draw about the character and motivations of the antagonists and so on. Well, of the main approaches I have outlined, I believe there is no absolute dichotomy between them. You must bear in mind differing approaches need to be incorporated in language learning for their relative merits. That’s all for today. Thanks for listening.
【听前预测】浏览各题的题干和选项，由关键词 customer，relocate，new site，staff，helps 可以推测，该篇对话与国家气象中心迁址有关，其中涉及气象中心的服务客户，迁址原因， 新址选择，员工反应，在新址当地得到的帮助等。 【听力原文】 W: ... And our studio guest today is Giles Milton, Operations Director at the National Weather Centre. Giles, welcome. M: Thank you. W: Giles, firstly, most people will know the Centre provides weather reports for TV and radio stations, but they're not your only 'customers', are they? M: Not by any means. [1.D]The Centre started out a hundred and fifty years ago, largely serving the shipping industry, but now it provides a whole range of services. [1.A]We've been helping supermarkets for some time to predict when to buy more stocks of ice cream, for example, when a heat wave's approaching. [1.C]Our forecasts for administrators of health authorities help them predict when flu outbreaks might occur. That's something we've only just got off the ground. And there's also our long-standing industrial advisory service for farmers, fishermen and airlines. W: A real industry, then! Two years ago, the Centre announced its plan to relocate. What brought about that decision? M: Well, our first premises were near London and were leased to us by the government, and we'd always expected to stay there. [2.D]But the site offered no scope for desperately needed development, and we had to do something. Although we were initially reluctant to borrow money to finance a relocation, there was no other choice. W: Hm. Did it take long finding an alternative site? M: Over a year ― which looking back seems excessively long, as [3.D]we only seriously considered three locations: Oxford, Ipswich - and Plymouth, which was the one we eventually chose. All three places had a good labor supply and running costs were comparable; although I
guess Plymouth is slightly cheaper - while being the furthest by road and rail from London. I think, in the end, we realized we could do our work just about anywhere - the data we deal with are all received and sent out via computer, after all. W: And you were sure staff would be happy to make the commitment of moving permanently to such a nice part of the country? M: Well, yes, but this is different from tourism. We rely on the expertise of specialist IT people and where we were before, there are hundreds of businesses in the same position. We think there'll be less demand for their services here. W: Didn't you have to offer them more money to relocate? M: We decided on a generous relocation package, and that seemed to be enough. W: Are staff who relocated to your new base happy they made the move? M: So fag yes. We thought they'd be most impressed by the beautiful countryside, [4.C]but all they've said is how pleased they are they can now afford to move up the ladder in terms of finding a place to live - accommodation costs near London have shot up in recent years. And they're finding Plymouth has the same amenities they were used to before, so no complaints there. W: Did the Centre receive any local government support to relocate? M: Yes, and that was enormously useful. [5.A]We didn't have to buy land from the local council, and [5.D]our offices were purpose-built according to our specifications. [5.B]We were liable for business taxes from day one, but our first rent isn't due until the site is fully developed, in about twelve months' time. W: A big incentive, then! M: Yes. We're very pleased we've established such a good relationship with the local government. There's a range of generous incentives in this region, and they are available equally to local and national organizations. They see us as a nationally high-profile organization which, by moving here should attract a number of London-based companies to the region. W: So, is there any other help available, from local business agencies, for example? M: We've been offered various things ― [5.C] one agency provided a consultant to advise us on the initial design phase. We've just signed an agreement with the local employment agency, whereby they're prepared to pay fifty percent of the cost of sending our technicians on external computer courses. We could have benefited financially from another scheme if we'd been able to take on school leavers, but our openings are only for experienced workers. W: Quite. Tell me about the logistics of... 【答案解析】 1. 选[B]。细节题。录音中男士说国家气象中心 150 年前建立，起先主要是服务运输行业， 后来服务范围扩大， 包括帮助超市预测什么时候库存某一产品， 帮助健康部门预测什么时 候可能会爆发流感，还给农民、渔夫、航空公司提供服务性建议。选项[A]、[C]、[D]分 别是原文中 supermarket，health authorities，shipping industry 的同义替换，只有[B]属于无 中生有，为答案。注意文中的 stock 是“库存，存货”的意思，而非“股票”。 2. 选[D]。细节题。当被问及为什么会做出迁移地点的决定时，男士回答说先前的地点没法 为迫切需要的发展提供空间，由此可见迁移是为了获得更大的发展空间，因此答案为[D]。 3. 选[D]。 细节题。 录音中男士说他们只认真考虑了三个地方： Oxford， Ipswich 和 Plymouth， 最后一个是他们最终选择的地点。因此答案为[D]。 4. 选[C]。细节题。题干关键词 most。录音中男士说所有的员工都在诉说现在能够负担得起
较好的住房的喜悦感，而近几年来伦敦附近的住宿费飙升。由此可见，他们感到最高兴 的是这里的低消费，答案为[C]。其他选项虽也有提及，但不是最令他们高兴的方面。 5. 选[B]。细节题。在新地点，当地政府给气象中心提供的帮助包括：不用购买场地；办公 室根据公司要求特殊建造；首次租金时间宽限；但营业税从第一天就得交付。后面当地一 些企业机构给提供的帮助包括：提供设计顾问，支付员工课程培训费用等。因此[A]、[C]、 [D]均正确，[B]中 loose 错误，为答案。
Section C News Item 1
【听前预测】根据选项关键词 mountaineers team，set off 可以推测，本则新闻可能是关于一 次登山行动的报道。 【听力原文】 A team of Sherpas in Nepal have announced that they will go on a clean-up expedition on Mount Everest. It's the first time that Mount Everest is to be cleaned above the altitude of 8,000 meters, an area which is called the "death zone" because of the low level of oxygen and treacherous conditions. The team of 20 Sherpa mountaineers will set off on May 1 to establish camp at the point known as Everest's South Col. From here, they plan to start their cleaning operation, including removing at least two bodies from a narrow trail between the South Col and the summit. The Sherpas, many of whom have climbed Everest several times, say they also plan to remove 3,000 kilogrammes of empty oxygen bottles, old food wrappings, tents and ropes. 【答案解析】 6. 选[B]。信息辨认题。本题为主旨题， 听音时重点捕捉新闻开头信息。 新闻首 句即提到， 尼泊尔的一个雪尔帕人小组 宣布他们将对埃佛勒斯峰进行一次清 洁探险。新闻后面的内容对埃佛勒斯 峰、小组探险准备情况、探险内容依次 进行了介绍。 因此新闻主要内容是一次 清洁探险，答案为[B]。 7. 选[B]。信息辨认题。根据新闻内容 可知，该小组包括 20 名成员；其中许 多人曾多次攀登埃佛勒斯峰； 他们将于 5 月 1 日启程； 埃佛勒斯峰 8000 米以上 的高度由于氧气稀少，环境恶劣，被称 为“死亡区域” 。因此[A]、[C]、[D]均 正确，[B]不能根据原文内容推出，为 答案。
News Item 2
【听前预测】 由题干和选项相关信息可以推测， 本则新闻可能是关于匈牙利议会选举结果的 报道，可能涉及各个党派赢得的选票比较。 【听力原文】 Exit polls following Hungary's parliamentary elections suggest that voters have rejected the governing Socialists who have been in power during the severe economic crisis in the country. The exit polls point to a convincing victory for the conservative opposition party, Fidesz, which may become the first party to govern without a coalition since democracy was restored in 1990. Voting was extended in several places 【答案解析】 8. 选[B]。信息辨认题。新闻中提到公民党 （Fidesz）在选举中获得了令人信服的胜利， 或许可以成为自 1990 年成立民主制以来第一 个不需结盟统治的政党，重新回归八年前的 执政地位， 它预期将赢得 54%到 57%的选票。 因此[A]、[C]、[D]均正确，[B]错误，为答案。 9. 选[D]。 信息转述题。 题干关键词 the least。 新闻最后部分公布了各个党派获得的选票情 况：公民党（Fidesz）赢得 54%到 57%的选 票；社会党（Socialists）赢得 20%；极右派
beyond the deadline as long queues formed. Separate exit polls forecast the return to power of Fidesz, the Christian Democratic Party which last held office eight years ago. They are expected to win between 54 and 57% of the vote. The Socialists are a distant second with around 20% and the far-right Jobbik close behind them with between 15 and 17% according to the exit polls.
（Jobbik） 赢得 15%至 17%。 听音后可知， [B] The Christian Democratic Party 与[A] Fidesz 属 于 同 一 政 党 。 因 此 获 得 选 票 最 少 的 是 [D] Jobbik。
News Item 3
【听前预测】 根据题干和选项相关信息可以推测， 本则新闻可能是关于就希腊和土耳其塞浦 路斯国是否统一领导人意见的报道。 【听力原文】 Turkish Cypriots have elected the veteran nationalist politician Dervis Eroglu as the new president of the breakaway Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus. He defeated his main rival Mehmet Ali Talat, who's been pursuing a process aimed at reuniting Cyprus. Mr. Eroglu has been prime minister for the past year. He's strongly opposed to the diplomatic process in which Mr. Talat was engaged, seeking to reunify the island in accordance with principles adopted by the United Nations and the Republic of Cyprus. The Eroglu's solution to the long-standing Cyprus problem would involve separate Greek and Turkish Cypriot states, linked by loose confederal ties. It's a vision which is totally unacceptable to the majority of Greek Cypriots. 【答案解析】 10. 选[D]。信息辨认题。根据新闻内容可知， 独立的希腊和土耳其塞浦路斯国（[D]）才是 民族主义政治家 Dervis Eroglu 的主张，而按 照联合国和塞浦路斯共和国的要求统一该岛 国 （[B]、 [A]） 是其政治对手 Mehmet Ali Talat 的外交政策，希腊塞浦路斯多数派也不能完 全接受 Dervis Eroglu 的主张（[C]） 。因此答 案为[D]。